1、Describe a present you have given to others. Explain why you think it is important.
2、What do you think is ONE of the most important characteristics that a teacher should have?
3、Do you always make friends who have different interests from you? Why?
4、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Yong people today know more about world events than their parents did before.
5、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should do part-time jobs before attending college.
6、Choose ONE form of technology in the list and tell why it has great impact on people's lives in your country? Airplane, computer or television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.
7、Some people believe that it is better for small children to grow up in a small town. Others, however, believe that it’s better for them to grow up in a big city. Which do you think is better?
8、Talk about an experience of learning something new. What difficulties do you have to overcome in order to learn it?
9、Traffic congestion is becoming worse in many cities. What can the government do to decrease the number of cars and other vehicles? Use details and examples in your response.
10、Some people think that the government should take responsibility and invest money in protecting endangered species of animals, but other people say private citizens should take responsibility. Who do you think should take the responsibility, and why?
11、Some people think students should study in the classroom while others believe they should visit the museum or the zoo. Which do you prefer and why?
12、Your university is planning to allow students to watch TV in theirs dormitories. What is your opinion? What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV in dormitories? Include reasons and examples to support your response.
13、Which of the following do you think is the most important for maintaining good health? Doing exercises, eating healthy food, or going to bed early?
14、Should employees be required to wear suits in the workplace, or should they wear casual clothes?
15、Some schools require students to take part in community service activities after school. Which of the following do you think is the best activity for students? 1. planting flowers in the community 2.doing clean-ups in the garden 3. recycling waste
16、Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Teachers should make their lessons fun.
17、Which of the following activity do you prefer to do alone rather than in a group? Study, shopping, exercise.
18、Do you prefer to do a job which requires you to travel a lot, or a job that allows you to work at a fixed location?
19、Suppose you are doing volunteer work at a hospital, which of the following jobs would you choose? 1. Talk to patient 2. Read to patient 3. Look after patients’ family members
20、Do you prefer a job which requires you to communicate with others, or do you prefer a job where you work alone.
1、【學校通知】：為節能，大學計劃：1、關掉圖書館的燈，代之以節能燈.2、調高空調air-condition的溫度. 【學生態度1女生反對此計劃。理由1、學校應該把學校裡的很多空教室的燈關掉來達到節能的目的，節能燈太暗，學生還得自己帶檯燈。理由2、如果關掉空調，in hot day，圖書館就不夠comfortable，就沒人去圖書館學習了。大家只能在宿舍複習了，但是宿舍又太吵，所以沒法專心複習。 2、Behavior chaining，就是說有時候教小孩子一件事，就把這件事情拆開來一步一步教。教授的lecture很簡單，就一個例子，教他３歲的女兒wash hands，不要認為，這就是one action，要分開教，５步，turn on the water, wet the hands, put on soap, wash hands, turn off water.每天教一步，漸漸的小孩子自己就把這幾步連起來了，過幾天就能自己洗手了。
9、【講課要點】：Marine animals protect themselves by producing lights. There are 2 ways:方式一、sudden flash bright light：舉例:When they are under attack, deep-sea shrimps will give a short period bright light to frighten the attackers, and deep-sea shrimps can escape.方式二、constant flash bright light：例子：Since their predators always hunt animals by judging dark shades, hatchet fish give constant light to make themselves seem like sunshine. By doing this, their predators can hardly find them.
19、名詞解釋：interest boosting：教學中常用的一種技巧（technique），就是教學的時候，要把教授的知識和學生現有興趣聯繫起來(connected with what the students are interested in)，學生就能學的更有效率。教授舉例：他老婆是學校裡的老師，教化學的。有一次要講Marie Curie.但開始學生們都不感興趣也不能集中精力，後來他老婆找到一個關於居里夫人的電影，說了一些她的發明和故事，而且電影裡還有演員是很popular學生很喜歡的。所以很多對電影感興趣的同學也就開始對居里夫人感興趣，注意力很容易就集中了。問題：用教授的例子解釋什麼是interest boosting
21、【講課要點】：Late 19th的讀報紙的人比過去多因為兩個原因：原因1、advance in technology, eg. better printing devises and printing process faster, so the amount of newspapers is increasing。原因2、publishers base their fund more heavily on the advertisements, so the cause of publishing newspapers is less.
24、有個男學生Sam負責在學校放電影，然後這星期他還請到了professor來介紹電影（在電影放映前）。但是professor臨時家裡有急事就cancel了這個lecture。 Sam自己就想了兩種解決辦法，一個是reschedule，但是怕好多學生臨時沒看到通知還是去了。另外一種是他自己準備材料講，但是就會少了Q&A環節，因為他沒辦法回答學生問題。 25、【名詞解釋】Close communication bias是講你跟你很熟悉的人反而交流有障礙，因為你對熟悉的人不會再去可以解釋你的習慣和習性。【教授舉例】一個學生和以前的教授很熟悉，他們經常去意大利餐館吃飯。他決定和新來的教授和以前的教授一起去吃個飯。跟新來的教授講餐館的信息很清楚，位置、時間都很詳細，跟以前的教授直說去經常去的餐館的老位置。新來的教授準時出現在餐館，但是以前的教授卻去了另外一家餐館。請你根據例子解釋一下。
1、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students are more interested in politics today than they were in the past.
2、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to succeed in doing a new job, the ability to adapt oneself to the new environment is more important than the excellent knowledge of this job.
3、Some people think university professors should spend more time doing research while others think they should spend more time educating students. What is your view?
4、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teaching is harder than it was in the past.
5、In times of an economic crisis, in which area should the government reduce its spending? 1. Education 2. Health Care 3.support for the unemployed.
6、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to attract good students, a university should spend a lot of money funding social activities.
7、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In the busy and crowded world today, we should not expect people to be polite to each other.
8、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should state our honest opinions even though other people may disagree with them.
9、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers were more appreciated and valued by the society in the past than they are now.
10、Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Workers would be much happier if they are doing different types of tasks during their workday than doing the same task.
11、In the past young people depended on their parents for making decisions. Today, young people are better able to make decisions on their own.
Which do you prefer? A job in a distant city with a high salary, or a job in your current city with a low salary.
I would prefer to work in my current city even if the salary is low. I prefer to be near my family and my friends because I can turn to them for help whenever I meet with some difficulty or obstacles at work. Suppose I am not happy with my boss. I will need to talk to someone intimate, so I can vent my anger and complaint. I can only do so if I am working in a place near my best friends. If I work in a place far away, on the other hand, I won’t get the chance to get together with my family and friends often. Apart from this, I will also have to pay extra money to cover the cost of renting an apartment or long-distance transportation, which makes the high salary not so desirable anyway.
Should the government spend money on projects which can encourage its citizens to lead a healthier lifestyle?
I agree because the costs of caring for unhealthy individuals are ultimately passed on to citizens. With each claim, the costs of health insurance, doctor’s visits, medicines, surgeries, and long-term care increases. So, if more individuals have an incentive to do preventive health care, less will be spent on avoidable medical care costs. An additional benefit is that preventative healthcare and healthier lifestyles might save lives. For instance, early detection of certain cancers can significantly reduce the risks of losing life or limb. Government funding to encourage healthier lifestyles is worthwhile.
Should employees be required to wear suits in the workplace, or should they wear casual clothes?
In my opinion, I feel that most casual clothes are nice enough for the workplace, because many jobs require a lot of hands-on tasks, or you may be working behind the scenes and never really be seen by anyone except those who are doing the same work as you. So, for these reasons, employees do not need formal suits. For example, why would retail workers need a suit, when all that they are doing is cleaning up behind customers, and re-shelving items that are out of place or may be thrown all over the place. Also, you don’t need a suit if you are cooking food, bringing out the meals to diners or serving drinks. We don’t usually pay bills to people with suits on. As long as someone is clean and dressed appropriately, I believe that causal clothes are all that’s required.
What quality do you think is the most important for a university student? Self-motivation, hard-working, or intelligence?
I think that the most important quality for a university student is self-motivation. This is because students who are self-motivated can always find the strength and confidence to complete a task, even when this task is challenging, and they do so without giving up or needing others to encourage them. In the university there are so many challenging tasks, like coping with exams and meeting deadlines for papers. Those who are self-motivated do not need other people to tell them what to do or when to do it. They just do what needs to be done, in due time and with good quality. With self-motivation you are naturally hard-working, out of your own will rather than being forced by others. Intelligence is good too, but it doesn't always help.
Do you agree or disagree with the statement: artists and musicians are important to our society.
I definitely agree with the argument that artists and musicians play an important part in our society. First of all, they enrich our routine, monotonous and sometimes boring daily life, sort of clean the dust from our existence. Whenever I feel tired, I always listen to some soft piano music which never fails to make me feel better. Another thing is that they inspire all kinds of emotions in us such as courage, patriotism and love. You can simply think of the moment when the national anthem is played out too see my point. Music and art touch a part of our being that nothing else can. Yeah! Art and music are definitely part of my life, a very important part.
Traffic congestion is becoming worse in many cities. What can the government do to decrease the number of cars and other vehicles? Use details and examples in your response.
I think the government can do at least two things to reduce the number of vehicles running on the street. First, it can increase the level of tax imposed on each newly-purchased vehicle. This will somehow discourage people from purchasing new cars and the number of vehicles on the street will naturally decline. Second, the government can take measures to improve public transportation, such as buses and the metro system, so more people will be willing to take public transportation instead of driving. This will also effectively reduce traffic.